Australia’s political attitude towards jewish migration was made clear at the evian conference, a meeting for the discussion of jewish refugees, in june 1938 australia realised the importance of attending the meeting so as not to gain a bad reputation, however the outcome showed that the government was unwilling to increase the number of jewish immigrants into the country. Public attitudes toward policies related to labor migrants in israel community to preserving the jewish character of the state plays an important role in shaping exclusionary views among jews toward minorities, mainly arab citizens, and overseas migrants am maydaindividual attitudes towards skilled migration: an empirical analysis. Australia’s migration history clearly australia has a rich migration history however attitudes to migration and particularly to the ideal source of migrants have changed considerably over these 218 years increasing numbers of young men from greece and italy paid their own way to australia by the 1930s, jewish settlers began. In countries where the majority of the population is of immigrant descent, such as the united states, opposition to immigration sometimes takes the form of nativism in the united states, opposition to immigration has a long history, starting in the late 1790s, in reaction to an influx of political refugees from france and ireland. Government policy towards refugee immigration into australia in the 1930s and 1940s has been the subject of substantial debate among historians of the australian jewish experience as noted above, paul bartrop has argued that the so-called 'liberalisation' of immigration policy after november 1938 was, in reality, a smokescreen for a slightly decreased intake of jews.
The history of the jews in australia traces the history of australian jews from the british settlement of australia commencing in 1788 the first move towards organisation in the community was the formation of a chevra kadisha post-war jewish immigration came at a time when antisemitism was rife,. Australia’s political attitude towards jewish migration was made clear at the evian conference, a meeting for the discussion of jewish refugees, in june 1938. The scanlon foundation surveys, for the first time in australian research, provide an annual measure of attitudes to immigration, cultural diversity and social cohesion the eighth national survey.
The jewish community of australia is the largest jewish community in the east asian pacific region 80 percent of australian jews live in melbourne (50,000) and sydney (45,000), but there are also significant communities in perth, brisbane, the gold coast and adelaide.
In 1788, when european settlement began, australia’s aboriginal population was about 400,000 today, over 20 million people live here migration has been the main driver for this change in new south wales, four out of every ten people are either migrants or the children of migrants clearly.
The jewish people of australia have an outstanding record in law, medicine, the arts, business and government australia is one of the few countries in the diaspora to have had a jewish commander-in-chief, sir john monash, as mentioned earlier. Commonwealth investigation branch, 'jewish immigration and land settlement scheme [press cuttings relating to the proposed jewish settlement in the kimberleys area]' [10 pages, 1928–45] this file contains a number of press cuttings one from the age, dated 1928, others from the jewish herald, the australian jewish news, the ageand the argus. Immigration virtually ceased during the first world war but during the 1920s more than 340,000 immigrants arrived - two-thirds of them assisted migrants from britain, and small numbers of greeks, italians and yugoslavs the great depression, which began in 1929, saw unemployment rates skyrocket and attitudes towards immigrants turn hostile.
Prejudice against people of non-british, non-celtic background characterised australia’s outlook throughout the 1930s (the depression years), the second world war and beyond in spite of the alarming rise in the nazi persecution of german jews and the annexation of austria in 1938, australia’s attitude towards jewish refugees remained inhospitable. The great depression, which began in 1929, saw unemployment rates skyrocket and attitudes towards immigrants turn hostile immigration declined sharply through the 1930s ahead of the second world war, as the political climate for jews in germany and austria darkened, australia agreed to accept 15,000 jewish refugees from europe - evidently with some reluctance just 5,000 arrived in 1939 before jews in europe could no longer escape.
Department of immigration, 'protests re jewish immigration' [1 cm, 1938–46] this contains a number of letters from individuals rather than organisations, protesting against jewish migration and the grounds on which they were admitted to australia, together with replies explaining the position.